Guineai/ˈɡɪni/, officially the Republic of Guinea (French:République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French:Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927sqmi).
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
The etymology of "Guinea" is uncertain. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River (as opposed to the 'tawny' ZenagaBerbers, north of it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors). The term "Guinea" is extensively used in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
King John II of Portugal took up the title of Senhor da Guiné (Lord of Guinea) from 1483. It is believed the Portuguese borrowed Guineus from the Berber term Ghinawen (sometimes Arabized as Guinauha or Genewah) meaning "the burnt people" (analogous to the Classical GreekAithiops, "of the burned face"). The Berber terms "aginaw" or "Akal n-Iguinawen" mean "black" or "land of the blacks."
The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings. Then, Great Britain adopted the gold standard and guinea became a colloquial or specialised term.
The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, where much of the gold used to make the coins originated. Although no longer circulated, the term guinea survives in some circles, notably horse racing, and in the sale of rams to mean an amount of one pound and one shilling (21 shillings) or one pound and five pence in decimalised currency. The name also forms the basis for the Arabic word for the Egyptian poundالجنيهel-Genēh / el-Geni, as a sum of 100 qirsh (one pound) was worth approximately 21 shillings at the end of the 19th century.
As the market geared up for Bitcoin 2021 in Miami this weekend, it seemed like there would be few developments during the week outside of the announcements at this conference ... As the first country to do so, El Salvador will not only act as a “guinea pig”, but will also pave the way for other countries to follow.
I take a shopping list to the market ...Today the market is roaring ... It’s a different market day today ... Now a pregnant hen is dragged to a market day ... To marathon in their tracks to partake in a market ... The vociferous guinea fowl ... He had wished Eno a marketful day ... I tuck a duck into the lower deck of my market day basket.
Santa Barbara clearly has a big reputation at Ballydoyle, so much so that, although uneasy in the market on the day, she was sent off joint-favourite for the 1000 Guineas on just her second racecourse appearance ... A big, strong filly, she stood out on looks in the 1000 Guineas ...
There’s no doubt that Holliston needs tax revenue from more businesses in town. Yet the 555 Hopping Brook project that is under review is a poor fit at best ...CRG is trying to break into this market using Holliston as a guinea pig ... This warehouse along with two others being planned will cover 1.5 million square feet. In Holliston? ... On Christmas.
The fact the subsequent Irish2000Guineas winner Mac Swiney was nearly seven lengths back in fourth isn’t a negative. He rightly heads the market ...O’Brien is seeking his ninth win in the fillies’ classic and the much vaunted SANTA BARBARA is short in the market having finished fourth in the 1000 Guineas at Newmarket this month.
Starting off for him was challenging as no one was willing to be a ‘guinea pig’ for a designer with no shop or clients. “Nigeria’s market embraces only popular designers; it’s very difficult for newbies to break in unless you have enough funds to expend to achieve visibility.
Survivors and officials said only 20 people were rescued on Wednesday when the wooden boat ferrying passengers to a market broke apart and sank as it travelled between central Niger state and Wara in northwest Kebbi state ... The boat carrying 100 local traders also split into two during a storm as they were returning from a local market.
Linebacker, winner of both the Cape Derby and grade 2 WSBGuineas, fully deserves his position at the head of the Daily News market and has to be fancied to notch his fourth win in eight starts ... The jury is out as to whether Harold Crawford and Michelle Rix’s ElusiveFort colt would have beaten Linebacker in the Guineas with a trouble-free passage.
He also emphasized the importance of strengthened regional cooperation towards the fight against piracy that is bedevilling the Gulf of Guinea. Principal Marketing and Public Affairs Officer at the Port of Tema, Lydia Tham, also underscored the adaptive measures adopted by the ...
... gouging in the market ... And while iron ore projects like Simandou in Guinea may bring more high-grade ore to market later in the decade, a near-term rebalancing is likely to be driven more by juniors rapidly advancing relatively low-grade, short lead-time projects, says Hannah.
He also pointed to the prolonged closure of the border with neighboring Guinea, which used to absorb market shocks in the country ... Due to the inflation and the free market economy it is highly probable that prices will keep going up albeit at the expense of the common man.
Five of the TattersallsIrish 2,000Guineas field re-oppose from the English equivalent and it is the late market mover on the day BATTLEGROUND who garners most interest in the race from the My Stable community ... With four of the top five in the betting currently, the case for the English Guineas being the key piece of form is a strong one.
Dutch onions export figures don't lie - levels have been much lower since January already ... "We have our hands full. We can sort onions optically now. So, we're tapping into a market where there was previously no opportunities - European retail suppliers." ... "The entire market's demand is stable but lousy ... These include Guinea, Mauritania, and Congo ... ....