Guineai/ˈɡɪni/, officially the Republic of Guinea (French:République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French:Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927sqmi).
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
The etymology of "Guinea" is uncertain. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River (as opposed to the 'tawny' ZenagaBerbers, north of it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors). The term "Guinea" is extensively used in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
King John II of Portugal took up the title of Senhor da Guiné (Lord of Guinea) from 1483. It is believed the Portuguese borrowed Guineus from the Berber term Ghinawen (sometimes Arabized as Guinauha or Genewah) meaning "the burnt people" (analogous to the Classical GreekAithiops, "of the burned face"). The Berber terms "aginaw" or "Akal n-Iguinawen" mean "black" or "land of the blacks."
The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings. Then, Great Britain adopted the gold standard and guinea became a colloquial or specialised term.
The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, where much of the gold used to make the coins originated. Although no longer circulated, the term guinea survives in some circles, notably horse racing, and in the sale of rams to mean an amount of one pound and one shilling (21 shillings) or one pound and five pence in decimalised currency. The name also forms the basis for the Arabic word for the Egyptian poundالجنيهel-Genēh / el-Geni, as a sum of 100 qirsh (one pound) was worth approximately 21 shillings at the end of the 19th century.
Equatorial Guinea has emerged as one of Zimbabwe's main creditors following massive unpaid oil deliveries since the surrender of coup plotter Simon Mann from Harare to Malabo in 2008 ... Out of a total unsustainable debt of US$ 1.2 billion, the Bank owed some US$ 222 million to Equatorial Guinea, which turned out to be its greatest creditor.
A 1-2 finish in Saturday’s Jonsson Workwear Cape Derby signalled that trainer VaughanMarshall’s three-year-olds are likely to be a force in the upcoming season in KwaZulu-Natal ... Marshall won the 2011 derby with long shot Top Seller ... The surprise in the betting market was the drift in the price of Cape Guineas fifth, The Gatekeeper ... .
He also pointed to the prolonged closure of the border with neighboring Guinea, which used to absorb market shocks in the country ... Due to the inflation and the free market economy it is highly probable that prices will keep going up albeit at the expense of the common man.
ISTABRAQ. (David Ord). Istabraq ... They all got plenty of practice ... A gloriously familiar Cheltenham sight ... And then it happened ... For all the hundreds of millions of euros McManus has made on the financial markets over the years, the 38,000 guineas he parted with, on John Durkan’s insistence, remains – and forever will be – his shrewdest investment ... .
Bloomberg's VaccineTracker shows 4.54 million doses were given on average across the world each day over the last week, but it's far from an even spread ... Developing and emerging markets are, by and large, doing far less well. In Africa, only Egypt, Morocco, Seychelles and Guinea are recorded as having given any of the vaccines at all ... Take Indonesia.
By Enda Curran and Michelle Jamrisko, ...The US and UK make up about 40% of the 119.8 million doses administered globally. Developing and emerging markets are, by and large, doing far less well. In Africa, only Egypt, Morocco, Seychelles and Guinea are recorded as having given any of the vaccines at all ... Read. Covid-19 vaccination Phase 3 begins in March.
“In fact, we’ve had a lot of opportunity for people who don’t necessarily fall in a Democratic or Republican mindset to get on the ballot and to win.” Begich, who served a single term in the Senate before the Republican Dan Sullivan defeated him in 2014, also faulted the national group for trying to use Alaska as its guinea pig.
Pam Sly is likely to resist the Cheltenham Festival for the unbeaten Eileendover – with Aintree and then a Flat campaign instead at the forefront of her mind. The granddaughter of Sly's 1000 Guineas winner Speciosa stretched her winning run in bumpers to three in impressive fashion at MarketRasen on Saturday ... She’s not bad ... Pam Sly.