Guineai/ˈɡɪni/, officially the Republic of Guinea (French:République de Guinée), is a country in West Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea (French:Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as Guinea-Bissau and Equatorial Guinea. Guinea has a population of 10.5 million and an area of 245,860 square kilometres (94,927sqmi).
Guinea is a predominantly Islamic country, with Muslims representing 85 percent of the population. Guinea's people belong to twenty-four ethnic groups. French, the official language of Guinea, is the main language of communication in schools, in government administration, in the media, and among the country's security forces, but more than twenty-four indigenous languages are also spoken.
The etymology of "Guinea" is uncertain. The English term Guinea comes directly from the Portuguese word Guiné, which emerged in the mid-15th century to refer to the lands inhabited by the Guineus, a generic term for the black African peoples south of the Senegal River (as opposed to the 'tawny' ZenagaBerbers, north of it, whom they called Azenegues or Moors). The term "Guinea" is extensively used in the 1453 chronicle of Gomes Eanes de Zurara.
King John II of Portugal took up the title of Senhor da Guiné (Lord of Guinea) from 1483. It is believed the Portuguese borrowed Guineus from the Berber term Ghinawen (sometimes Arabized as Guinauha or Genewah) meaning "the burnt people" (analogous to the Classical GreekAithiops, "of the burned face"). The Berber terms "aginaw" or "Akal n-Iguinawen" mean "black" or "land of the blacks."
The guinea is a coin of approximately one quarter ounce of gold that was minted in the Kingdom of England and later in the Kingdom of Great Britain and the United Kingdom between 1663 and 1814. It was the first English machine-struck gold coin, originally worth one pound sterling, equal to twenty shillings, but rises in the price of gold relative to silver caused the value of the guinea to increase, at times to as high as thirty shillings. From 1717 to 1816, its value was officially fixed at twenty-one shillings. Then, Great Britain adopted the gold standard and guinea became a colloquial or specialised term.
The name came from the Guinea region in West Africa, where much of the gold used to make the coins originated. Although no longer circulated, the term guinea survives in some circles, notably horse racing, and in the sale of rams to mean an amount of one pound and one shilling (21 shillings) or one pound and five pence in decimalised currency. The name also forms the basis for the Arabic word for the Egyptian poundالجنيهel-Genēh / el-Geni, as a sum of 100 qirsh (one pound) was worth approximately 21 shillings at the end of the 19th century.
The MP said if the bridge was left to collapse, it would prevent the people from accessing the Pelungo Market to engage in economic activities. Dr Nawaana noted that the people trade in guinea fowls, goats, sheep and cattle, and called on the ...
That’s the day when the animal shelter hopes to match every animal in the building with a caring new human — at no cost to the human ... For those in the market for a more unusual pet, however, Saturday’s not your day, as the shelter will not have on hand any rabbits, pigs, Guinea pigs or other critters that sometimes show up ... 19th St.
People shop at Kaporo market in Conakry, Guinea Monday, Sept ... A woman sells fabrics at Kaporo market in Conakry, Guinea Monday, Sept ... A man buys a chicken at Kaporo market in Conakry, Guinea Monday, Sept ... People leave after shopping at Kaporo market in Conakry, Guinea Monday, Sept ... Women shop at Kaporo market in Conakry, Guinea, Monday, Sept.
The country constitution has been suspended and all borders of Guinea have been closed ... In Doumbouya's national broadcast address, he told the people of Guinea that the takeover is not a coup ... By January 2021, Guinea was facing serious financial conditions ... Since the overthrow in Guinea, aluminum is scarce on the world market.
Her trainers John and Thady Gosden were also responsible for another wide-margin Group winner on the day in the shape of Inspiral, who ran right away from some substandard rivals in the May Hill for an easy success in a timefigure of 89 to cement her place at the head of the 2022 QIPCO 1000 Guineas market. WatchRaceReplay... More from Sporting Life ... .
CONAKRY, Guinea (AP) — The junta that seized power in Guinea has ordered the central bank to freeze all government accounts in an effort to secure state assets and “preserve the country’s interest.” ... A man sells meat on a street in Conakry, Guinea, Thursday, Sept ... A woman balance a bucket in a local market in Conakry, Guinea, Thursday, Sept.
Australian natural gas group Santos and Papua New Guinea's Oil Search agreed on Friday on a merger to create a AUS$21 billion (US$15 billion) group with the financial heft to better compete in a low-carbon future ... Shares in Oil Search, which is listed on the stock markets in both Australia and Papua New Guinea, rose 2.74 percent to AUS$3.75.